Context/Coherence/Sinergy with other initiatives
The project is in convergence with the key moment in developing European politics against violence on women. The major change in signing the European Council’s Convention (known as the Istanbul convention) on battling and preventing violence against women. Still in process of ratification, the convention institutes minimum standards for comprehensive politics against multiple types of violence against women, acknowledging the fact that “violence against women is deeply rooted in the social inequity of women and is perpetuated through a culture of tolerance and negation”.
The European Parliament voted, in 2011, a strong resolution which imposes a strategy in fighting all types of violence against women, asking the EU and each and every member state individually to sign and ratify the European Council’s Convention on preventing and battling violence against women and domestic violence.
Current situation analysis
The report “What we know about women in Romania” from November 2011 mentions the European Council’s recognition of the fact that “violence against women is tied to wider social structural inequities and to the masculine power abuse, being supported by social structures which promote gender inequity”.
According to the Romanian General Police Inspectorate, the Department for criminal records, statistics and operative records, in Romania, the count of intra-familial violence has reached, in 2010, 12088 with an increase of approx. 26% compared to 2009 (8912 cases). Although the number of intra-familial murders decreased significantly (from 114 in 2009 to only 6 in 2010) and attempted murder from 63 in 2009 to 5 in 2010, the number of injuries which caused death has increased from 19 in 2009 to 41 in 2010 and the count of sexual intercourse with minors (from 17 in 2009 to 26 in 2010)
The statistics of the National Agency for Family Protection (2004-2007) indicate a number of 507 deaths following intra-familial violence.
The conclusions of the fore-mentioned report are, as follows:
• The spread of family violence phenomenon is underestimated, fragmented and dispersed in the existing national statistics
• The different data, from different sources, arouse suspicion regarding the accuracy of these statistics
• There is no professional training in the field of family violence
• There is no current permanent preoccupation for researching the phenomenon of family violence and its causes
• The existing legislation is incoherent and not adapted to the Romanian reality
• There are no mechanisms for enforcing the legal provisions